Your Personality Report

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How to read the graphic above: Your percentile score on each of the Big Six factors is represented by a normal distribution curve. The section shaded in color represents the percentage of the distribution with a score at or below your score for that dimension. (Note that these figures assume that scores are normally distributed).

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This report says I'm about average on all of the Big Six personality factors. Is this right?
'https://sapa-project.org/survey/report.php?s=556656566654566564&p=148150172164159169152164170160142134148166161158164137&sd=199620002060203520222050200420352054202519801958199620402028202120351966&c=116116109&a=7.5'

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Note: Based on user feedback, we have recently changed the graphics used to show your scores, but the older graphics are still available. They're just different ways of viewing the same scores.
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About the text interpretation of your scores (below): This section contains a few important points to keep in mind, but it's kind of wordy.
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Extraversion

Extraversion is perhaps the most widely recognized feature of human personality. The popularized notion of Extraversion is mainly limited to the idea that extraverts seek out social interaction while introverts spend more time alone. Personality theorists suggest that the extraversion/introversion dimension is more accurately framed as a function of stimulation. Individuals who are more sensitive to outside stimuli (introverts) tend to prefer interacting in small groups. They also engage more often in independent, analytical, and cognitively-demanding activities. Extraverts are less sensitive to external stimuli and, as a result, seek more of it. They tend to enjoy large gatherings, prefer more gregarious conversations, and are quick to assert themselves.

Your combined average for Extraversion was 5 out of 9.
We estimate that you are in about the 48th percentile.

Your score on the Extraversion scale indicates that you are somewhat introverted. You are probably more reserved and quiet than others of your age and gender. You may enjoy solitude and solitary activities a bit more than others, and your socializing may be restricted to a small circle of close friends. While you may occasionally enjoy large parties and meeting new people, it probably depends on the circumstances and your energy level. You are more likely to allow others to take charge so that you can avoid the spotlight, which has the advantage of being seen as less threatening by others. You may not be known as having a strong personality, but most likely you can still be effective at influencing others as long as you have time to gather your thoughts. The occasional avoidance of social interaction by introverts does not necessarily mean they are shy or depressed; these people simply need less stimulation than those who are more extraverted. This independence and willingness to be alone can sometimes be mistaken by others as unfriendliness or arrogance. However, many introverts (especially those who score highly on Agreeableness) are quite pleasant when approached even though they do not actively seek out interaction.

Click here to show/hide your aspect scores for Extraversion.

Openness

Openness is probably the most broadly encompassing factor of personality. In fact, many people are surprised to learn that the two aspects (Intellect and Openness to New Experiences) are highly positively correlated (click here to see the correlations between Aspects). This positive association can be explained by the fact that both aspects share the common trait of being willing to engage with new ideas. Openness is often presented as healthier or more mature by psychologists, who are often themselves very open. However, open and conventional styles of thinking are useful in different environments. The intellectual style of the open person may serve a professor well, but research has shown that conventional thinking is related to superior job performance in police work, sales, and a number of service occupations.

Your combined average for Openness was 6 out of 9.
We estimate that you are in about the 66th percentile.

Your score on the Openness scale indicates that you are somewhat open to new experiences and intellectual pursuits. You may be comfortable handling quite a bit of information and you also may enjoy thinking about complicated problems or issues. You likely have some appreciation for the arts. You may also be more interested by unconventional ideas than others of your age and gender. It is also possible that others consider you to be, at times, both creative and perhaps a little unusual. Generally speaking, open people are intellectually curious, appreciative of art, and sensitive to beauty. Compared to more conventional people, they tend to think and act in individualistic and non-conforming ways. Another characteristic of the open cognitive style is a tendency to think in symbols and abstractions far removed from concrete experience, such as mathematical, logical, or geometric thinking; artistic and metaphorical use of language; music composition or performance; or one of the many visual or performing arts.

Click here to show/hide your aspect scores for Openness.

Agreeableness

The Agreeableness factor is comprised of two aspects: Compassion and Politeness. Empathy seems to be the feature which ties them both together. In other words, it seems that the ability to recognize others' emotions contributes to both compassionate and polite behaviors. Agreeableness also reflects individual differences in concern with cooperation and social harmony. While agreeable people are typically more popular than those low on agreeableness, it is not popularity that motivates them so much as the desire to avoid (or reduce) conflict in their immediate environment. While this quality has several obvious benefits, agreeableness is not necessarily useful in situations that are highly stressful or that frequently involve "tough" decisions. As a result, people who feel less need to be agreeable often make excellent scientists, critics, or soldiers.

Your combined average for Agreeableness was 6 out of 9.
We estimate that you are in about the 61st percentile.

Your score on the Agreeableness scale indicates that you are relatively agreeable. You probably have an interest in others' needs and well-being, and you share in both their joys and their challenges. It may be that your compassion is limited to some individuals (perhaps friends and family) without extending to acquaintances or strangers. You are most likely pleasant, sympathetic, and cooperative. You may like doing things for others, especially when they are in need, sometimes even if this puts their needs ahead of your own. It's also likely you are less easily annoyed by others. You may sometimes lose your temper or make insulting judgments about the people with whom you interact, but for the most part you probably avoid judging or criticizing those around you. You can probably receive criticism without holding a grudge. Highly agreeable individuals value getting along with others. They are therefore considerate, friendly, generous, helpful, and willing to compromise their interests for the sake of others. Agreeable people also tend to have an optimistic view of human nature. They believe people are basically honest, decent, and trustworthy.

Click here to show/hide your aspect scores for Agreeableness.

Integrity

Integrity is more commonly known by the names of its aspects (Honesty and Humility) and it is the only factor included in this report which is not one of the traditional "Big Five" factors of personality. Cross-cultural research suggests that the importance of this factor varies noticeably across countries. As might be predicted, both aspects of Integrity are positively related to Agreeableness. Recent research has demonstrated that the Honesty and Humility aspects of Integrity are related to several other behaviors and traits including: faithfulness in romantic relationships, lower levels of creative ability, and lower levels of sensation-seeking. Integrity is also negatively correlated with the Narcissism, Psychopathy, and Machiavellianism (aka the "Dark Triad").

Your combined average for Integrity was 5 out of 9.
We estimate that you are in about the 58th percentile.

Your score on the Integrity scale indicates that you have integrity. It's likely that you stick to the rules in most cases, but you may occasionally recognize that the "right" decision sometimes depends on the circumstances. Your rule-abiding behavior may reduce your experience of regret or it may simplify decision-making. You are probably less concerned about impressing people than others of your age and gender. It is also likely the case that you do not feel a strong need for power, status, or luxury. While this may limit your opportunities for leadership, others probably view you as non-threatening and considerate.

Click here to show/hide your aspect scores for Integrity.

Emotional Stability

An emotionally stable individual is not easily disturbed by daily hassles and recovers quickly when more substantial stressors inevitably occur. Emotional stability is not necessarily synonymous with consistent positivity, but simply implies lower levels of reactivity. Personality psychologists often refer to this factor as Neuroticism because that label has historically been used for the opposite end of the Emotional Stability dimension. The two aspects of Emotional Stability are Balance and Boldness (sometimes referred to as Volatility and Withdrawal, respectively). Balance reflects the ability to endure stress without getting flustered while Boldness represents the ability to face uncertain (or even threatening) circumstances with confidence. Individuals who are low in emotional stability, by contrast, are more likely to interpret everyday situations as threatening and more frequently experience negative emotions like worry, fear, anger, and sadness. As a result, individuals low on emotional stability are at greater risk for several types of mental illness.

Your combined average for Emotional Stability was 6 out of 9.
We estimate that you are in about the 64th percentile.

Your score on the Emotional Stability scale suggests that you are somewhat emotionally stable. Compared to others of your age and gender, you are probably less easily upset or emotionally reactive, and you may handle daily hassles better than most. Although you probably get agitated from time to time, you are more likely to deal effectively and coolly with frustrating or threatening situations. Due to your controlled reactions, at times others may find you cold or aloof. Emotionally stable individuals tend to be more calm and free from persistent negative feelings. Freedom from negative feelings does not mean that these individuals experience more positive feelings than others, but they are less likely to experience frequent mood swings or be shook up by negative events. Some emotionally stable individuals may go so far as to seek out thrilling situations, such as scary movies and roller-coasters, because they perceive these situations to be less threatening than most people.

Click here to show/hide your aspect scores for Emotional Stability.

Conscientiousness

By definition, a conscientious individual is guided by an inner sense of what is "right" (this inner sense being known as one's "conscience"). While they may hold dramatically different opinions about the nature of what is "right," conscientious individuals typically share reputations for being meticulous, thorough, and deliberate. Extreme conscientiousness can lead to unrealistic expectations and perfectionistic behaviors that are ultimately unproductive. The two aspects of Conscientiousness are Industriousness and Orderliness. Both of these concepts share a strong element of self-discipline, a feature which likely contributes to the similarity between Conscientiousness and traditional conceptions of "character." While the aspects are highly related to each other, their relationships with other aspects are distinct. Orderliness is generally uncorrelated with most other aspects while Industriousness is somewhat positively correlated with nearly all of them.

Your combined average for Conscientiousness was 4 out of 9.
We estimate that you are in about the 37th percentile.

Your score on the Conscientiousness scale indicates that you are somewhat laid back; details, order, ambition, and goals are probably not the highest priorities for you. Although you may prefer regularity or work hard at times, it is likely you are not insistent on perfection. You may sometimes prefer to live for the moment and do what feels good now, instead of delaying gratification for the sake of longer-term objectives. Your work may also tend to be a little more careless or disorganized. On the other hand, you are less likely to be a workaholic, and others may see you as easy-going and fun-to-be-with. Individuals who are more laid back than you can have trouble detecting mistakes or inconsistencies. However, they rarely have unrealistic expectations and they are less pre-occupied with tasks.

Click here to show/hide your aspect scores for Conscientiousness.

Cognition

While there are several competing theories in cognitive ability research, there is also growing consensus that abilities are best organized "hierarchically". In other words, each of the many different components of cognitive ability involve different sets of skills and these components are typically organized according to similarities among the tasks/skills involved. On the most narrow level, it is often difficult to distinguish between the skills used to accomplish a given task, but on the broadest level (at the top of the hierarchy), general skill sets are more plainly evident. For example, the skills required for different types of verbal tasks are more similar than those required for verbal and spatial tasks.

The items given here include several different types and we are actively working to develop more. In order to keep the test short, each participant is only administered a subset of the question types. Current question types include Letter and Number Series, Matrix Reasoning, Three-Dimensional Rotations, and Verbal Reasoning (which includes general knowledge, logic and arithmetic questions).

You were given 16 cognition items and you responded to 16 of them. You answered 9 of these 16 items correctly. The average score on these same items among participants of your age and gender is 7.5. While scores on these items are positively correlated with commercial IQ measures, we discourage participants from considering their score to be a proxy for such measures. This "test" differs from most commercial tests in terms of brevity and the fact that it is administered online without a time limit in an un-proctored setting. It is important to take these factors into account when comparing your performance against the average. We recognize that many participants would like to know the correct responses for these cognitive ability items, but we do not currently make this information available in order to maintain the validity of the questions.




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